The Great Fire of London, 1666
The monument was constructed from Portland stone and erected in memory of the Great Fire of London which in four days, from 2nd to 5th September 1666, destroyed thousands of buildings. Designed by the celebrated architect Sir Christopher Wren and his friend Dr. Robert Hooke, the height of the column, 202 feet, marks the distance between the Monument and the site of origin of the fire, the shop of Thomas Farynor, the king’s baker.
The top of the Monument
The Monument is topped by a public viewing gallery that is set around the column and accessed by a spiral stairway of 311 steps. The viewing gallery was covered by a wire mesh after a series of suicides. The column above the gallery tapers into a gilded urn that is representative of the flames that nearly brought the bustling city to a halt.
The Monument, as it is fondly known, is popular with visitors for its panoramic views of the Thames, the London Bridge and the city skyline that can be viewed from the public gallery at the top.