Kalemegdan Fortress played an important role in history of Belgrade and Europe as a military bastion throughout centuries. Its walls witnessed numerous clashes in which Orthodox and Catholic Christianity, Islam, polytheistic and barbaric forces took part. Nowadays, Kalemegdan Fortress is an oasis of tranquility and relaxation, offering engaging guided tours for travelers, a couple of museums and galleries, splendid panoramic views over the surrounding area and the multitude of monuments.
Consisting of the Upper Town, where most of related content can be found, and the Lower Town, where a medieval settlement used to be, the Belgrade Fortress was, and still is, among the most formidable fortifications in Europe. While touring its expansive grounds, you should pay special attention to the Military Museum, Victor’s Monument (a symbol of Belgrade), National Observatory and Planetarium. Children’s play areas, the fun park, zoo and two Orthodox churches found their place here, too. The largest monument to the Belgrade’s past is also the setting for permanent open-air exhibitions and annual festivals and events.
Besides Kalemegdan’s engaging historical background and architectural legacy, traces of the Turkish and Austrian rule (Damad Ali Pasha’s Turbeh and Clock Tower, for example) over Belgrade are some of its worthy additions.
A couple of restaurants and bars (even a lounge bar) are located at different vantage points of the Kalemegdan. They offer delicious meals, various cocktails and great views over the Belgrade rivers’ confluence, Great War Island, New Belgrade and the zoo.
You can as easily spend two hours and the whole day at Kalemegdan. Aside from museums and galleries, there is no fee charged for entering the Belgrade Fortress.